Samantha M. Wisely, Ph.D.
My Research Interests
Trained as a conservation geneticist, my research interests have evolved to incorporate how landscape context influences movement patterns and disease dynamics of terrestrial vertebrates. Broadly, I am interested in how human impacts on the landscape alter ecosystem function. Using a combination of field and laboratory techniques, my lab seeks to understand how host populations maintain reservoirs of pathogens in a changing landscape. Invasive species and vector-borne diseases can be excellent model systems to study, because they are particularly sensitive to these alterations and in turn serve as catalysts for changes in ecosystem function. We use this approach to study disease systems in threatened and endangered species, at the livestock/wildlife interface, and for wildlife diseases that are threats to human health.
A Focus on Extension
The goal of my extension program is to educate the general public, livestock producers, pet owners, wildlife recreationists and wildlife professionals about wildlife diseases. My program has three foci:
- Sustainable production of farmed deer. This program provides assistance to Florida deer farmers. Integrated pest management, animal husbandry and habitat management are integral to maintaining healthy deer.
- Liaison between the public and public health professionals. I advise what to do and who to contact if someone has been bitten by a wild animal or a tick. I provide general knowledge about the different wildlife diseases that impact Floridians.
My Role as Director of CHeRI
The Cervidae Health Research Initiative (CHeRI) is a state-funded liaison between the Florida deer farm industry and the University of Florida. The mission of CHeRI is to promote interdisciplinary science, education, and outreach that increase the health and production of captive cervids in a sustainable manner and promotes the health of native wildlife and the ecosystems in which they live. My role as Director is to ensure that the research mission reflects the needs of the producers, that the information produced from the research is widely available to the producers, and that excellent scientists and extension specialists are trained in wildlife health.
How I Run My Lab
My research lab provides an inclusive, intellectually stimulating learning environment in a research setting, and provides these experiences for high school students, undergraduates, graduate and professional students, research technicians, biological scientists and post-docs. My goal is to expose and immerse students in a research environment that allows them to encounter multiple types of instructional approaches from informal lectures and workshops to guided research projects. I strongly encourage collaboration and interaction among all of my lab members to promote active peer to peer learning. This combination of approaches enhances the ability to not only acquire, but to analyze and ultimately synthesize new information. The outcome has been productive cohorts of students that bring creativity and joy to their scientific inquiry.
Publications (**Corresponding Author, *Undergraduate author)
Hernández, F., Oldenkamp, R., Webster, S., Beasley, J. Farina, L., Wisely, S.M.** Are raccoons (Procyon lotor) and their intestinal helminths sensitive to metal/metalloid contamination? - An ecosystem health perspective. Archives of Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology. In revision.
Merrill, M.M., Lord, C.C., Turner, E.L., Boughton, R., Hernández, F.A., Wisely, S.M.** 2016. Ixodid ticks on feral swine and other mammals in south-central Florida. Proc. Vert. Pest Conf. In press.
Sayler, K.A., Boyce, C.L., Wisely, S.M.** 2016. Porcine viruses not previously reported in feral swine in Florida. Proc. Vert. Pest Conf. In press
Wisely, S.M. 2016. Genome resource banks pay conservation dividends. Animal Conservation 19:114-115. DOI: 10.1111/acv.12272
Ganser, C., Gregory, A.J., Hunt, L., McNew, L.B., Sandercock, B.K., Wisely, S.M.** 2016. Fine-scale spatial epidemiology of avian malaria in a grassland ecosystem: disease hazard and risk to grassland birds. Journal of Vector Ecology 41:114-122. DOI: 10.1111/jvec.12202
Pepin, K.M., Davis, A.J., Beasley, J., Boughton, R., Campbell, T., Cooper, S.M., Gaston, W., Kilgo, J.C., Wisely, S.M., Wycoff, C., VerCauteren, K.C. 2016. Contact heterogeneities in feral swine: implications for disease management and future research. Ecosphere 7:e01230. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1230
Bankovich, B., Boughton, E., Boughton, R., Avery, M., Wisely, S.M.** 2016. Plant community shifts caused by feral swine rooting devalue South Florida rangelands. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and the Environment 220:45-54. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2015.12.027
Wisely, S.M.**, Ryder, O.A., Santymire, R.M., Engelhardt, J.F., Novak, B.J. 2015. A road map for 21st century genetic restoration: gene pool enrichment of the black-footed ferret. Journal of Heredity 106:581-592. DOI: 10.1093/jhered/esv041
Campos Krauer, J.M.**, Wisely, S.M., Benítez, I.K., Robles, V.* 2015. Surgical technique for placing intra-abdominal radio-transmitters in capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris). Paraquaria Natural 3:17-19.
Miller, S., Zieger, U., Ganser, C., Satterlee, S.A., Bankovich, B., Amadi, V., Hariharan, H., Stone, D., Wisely, S.M.** 2015. The Influence of Land Use and Climate on Salmonella Carrier Status in the Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51:60-68. DOI: 10.7589/2014-02-046
Caldus, Marcellus M.**, Goodin, Douglas G., Sherwood, Steven, Campos Krauer, Juan M. and Wisely, Samantha M. 2015. Land-cover change in the Paraguayan Chaco: 2000-2011. Journal of Land Use Science 10:1-18. DOI: 10.1080/1747423X.2013.807314
Peng, X., Alfoldi, J., Gori, K., Eisfeld, A.J., Tyler, S.R., Tisoncik-Go, J., Brawand, D., Law, G.L., Skunca, N., Hatta, M., Gasper, D.J., Kelly, S.M., Chang, J., Thomas, M.J., Johnson, J., Berlin, A.M., Lara, M., Russell, P., Swofford, R., Turner-Maier, J., Young, S., Hourlier, T., Aken, B., Searle, S., Sun, X., Yi, Y., Suresh, M., Tumpey, T.M., Siepel, A., Wisely, S.M., Dessimoz, C., Kawaoka, Y., Birren, B.W., Lindblad-Toh, K., DiPalma, F., Engelhardt, J.F., Katze, M.G., Palmero, R.E. 2014. The draft genome sequence of the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) facilitates study of human respiratory disease. Nature Biotechnology. doi:10.1038/nbt.3079. DOI: 10.1038/nbt.3079
Lounsberry, Z.T., Almeida, J.B., Grace, A., Lanctot, R.B., Liebezeit, J., Sandercock, B.K., Strum, K.M., Zack, S., Wisely, S.M.**. 2014. Museum collections reveal that Buff-breasted Sandpipers (Calidris subruficollis) maintained mtDNA variability despite large population declines during the past 135 years. Conservation Genetics 15: 1197-1208. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-014-0611-2
McNew, L.B., L.M. Hunt, A.J. Gregory, S.M. Wisely, and B.K. Sandercock. 2014. Effects of wind energy development on the nesting ecology of Greater Prairie-Chickens in fragmented grasslands. Conservation Biology 28: 1089-1099. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12258
Tucker, J.M., Schwartz, M.K., Truex, R.L., Wisely, S.M., Allendorf, F.W. 2014. Sampling affects the detection of genetic subdivision and conservation implications for fisher in the Sierra Nevada. Conservation Genetics 15:123-136. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-013-0525-4
Winder, V.L., L.B. McNew, A.J. Gregory, L.M. Hunt, S.M. Wisely, and B.K. Sandercock. 2013. Space use of female Greater Prairie-Chickens in response to wind energy development. Ecosphere 5(1):art3. DOI: 10.1890/ES13-00206.1
Winder, V., McNew, L.B., Gregory, A., Hunt, L., Wisely, S.M., Sandercock, B.K. 2013. Effects of wind energy development on survival of female Greater Prairie-Chickens. Journal of Applied Ecology 51:395-405. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12184
Ganser, C., Wisely, S.M.** 2013. Patterns of spatio-temporal distribution, abundance, and diversity in a mosquito community from the eastern Smoky Hills of Kansas. Journal of Vector Ecology 38:229-236. DOI: 10.1111/j.1948-7134.2013.12035.x
Lounsberry, Z.T., Almeida, J.B., Grace, A., Lanctot, R.B., Liebezeit, J., Sandercock, B.K., Strum, K.M., Zack, S., Wisely, S.M.** 2013. Range-Wide Conservation Genetics of Buff-Breasted Sandpipers (Tryngites subruficollis). Auk 130:429-439. DOI: 10.1525/auk.2013.12206
Santymire, R.M. **, Wisely, S.M., Livieri, T.M., Howard, J.G. 2012. Using canine width to determine age in the black-footed ferret, Mustela nigripes. Small Carnivore Conservation 46:17-21.
Gregory, A.J., Kaler, R.S.A., Prebyl, T.J.*, Sandercock, B.K., Wisely, S.M.** 2012. Influence of founder effects and mating system on the breeding ecology and genetic structure of a newly established population of Island Ptarmigan. Conserv Genet (2012) 13: 465. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-011-0300-3
McNew, L.B., Gregory, A.J., Wisely, S.M., Sandercock, B.K**. 2012. Demography of Greater Prairie-Chickens: Regional Variation in Vital Rates, Sensitivity Values, and Population Dynamics. Journal of Wildlife Management . The Journal of Wildlife Management, 76: 987-1000. DOI:10.1002/jwmg.369
Statham, M.J., Sackes, B.N., Aubry, K.B, Perrine, J.D., and Wisely, S.M.*. 2012. The origin of recently established red fox populations in the United States: Translocations or natural range expansions? Journal of Mammalogy 93(1):52-65. DOI:10.1644/11-MAMM-A-033.1
Barton, H.D., and Wisely, S.M.*. 2012. Phylogeography of striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) in North America: Pleistocene dispersal and contemporary population structure. Journal of Mammalogy 93(1):38-51. DOI:10.1644/10-MAMM-A-270.1
Blevins, E.*, Wisely, S.M., and With, K.A. 2011. Historical processes and landscape context influence genetic structure in peripheral populations of the collared lizard (Crotaphytus collaris). Landscape Ecol (2011) 26: 1125. DOI:10.1007/s10980-011-9631-1
McNew, L.B., Gregory, A.J., Wisely, S.M., Sandercock, B.K.** 2011. Reproductive biology of a southern population of Greater Prairie-chickens. In Studies in Avian Biology, Vol. 39. Ecology, Conservation and Management of Grouse, eds. Sandercock, B.K., Martin, K., and Segelbacher, G., Pp. 209-222. ISBN:9780520270060
McNew, L.B., Gregory, A.J., Wisely, S. M., Sandercock, B.K.** 2011. Human-mediated selection on lifer history traits of the Greater Prairie-chicken. In Studies in Avian Biology, Vol. 39. Ecology, Conservation and Management of Grouse, eds. Sandercock, B.K., Martin, K., and Segelbacher, G., Pp. 255-266. ISBN:9780520270060
Gregory, A.J., McNew, L.B., Prebyl*, T., Sandercock, B.K., Wisely, S.M.** 2011. Hierarchical modeling of lek habitats of Greater Prairie-chickens. In Studies in Avian Biology, Vol. 39. Ecology, Conservation and Management of Grouse, eds. Sandercock, B.K., Martin, K., and Segelbacher, G., Pp. 21-32. ISBN:9780520270060
Casey, A.E., Sandercock, B.K., Wisely, S.M.** 2011. Genetic parentage and local population structure in the socially monogamous Upland Sandpiper. The Condor 113(1):119-128. 2011 DOI:10.1525/cond.2011.100100
Klug, P.E.**, Wisely, S.M., With K.A. 2011. Population genetic structure and landscape connectivity of the Eastern Yellowbelly Racer (Coluber constrictor flaviventris) in the tallgrass prairie of northeastern Kansas. Landscape Ecol (2011) 26: 281. DOI:10.1007/s10980-010-9554-2
Campos-Krauer, J.M., Wisely, S.M.** 2011. Deforestation and cattle ranching drive rapid range expansion and secondary contact of vicariant populations of a semiaquatic rodent in the Gran Chaco ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 17: 206-218. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02193.x
Apple, J.L., Grace, T., Joern, A., St. Amand, P., Wisely, S.M.** 2010. Genome scan detects host-related divergent selection in the grasshopper Hesperotettix viridis. Molecular Ecology, 19: 4012-4028. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04792.x
Grace, T., Wisely, S.M., Brown, S.J., Dowell, F., Joern, A.** 2010. Divergent host plant adaptation drives the evolution of sexual isolation in the grasshopper Hesperotettix viridis (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in the absence of reinforcement. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 100: 866-878. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01458.x
Conard, J., Statham, M.J., Gipson, P.S., Wisely, S.M.**. 2010. The influence of translocation strategy and management practices on the genetic health of a re-established elk (Cervus elaphus) population. Restoration Ecology, 18: 85-93. DOI:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00660.x
Sacks, B.**, Statham, M.J., Perrine, J., Wisely, S.M., Aubry, K.B. 2010. North American montane red foxes: expansion, fragmentation, and the origin of the Sacramento Valley red fox. Conserv Genet (2010) 11: 1523. DOI:10.1007/s10592-010-0053-4
Barton, H.D., Gregory, A.J., Davis, R., Hanlon, C.A., Wisely, S.M.** 2010. Contrasting landscape epidemiology of two sympatric rabies virus strains. Molecular Ecology, 19: 2725-2738. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04668.x
Coolon, J.D., Jones, K.L., Narayanan, S., Wisely, S.M.** 2010. Microbial ecological response of the intestinal flora of Peromyscus maniculatus and P. leucopus to heavy metal contamination. Molecular Ecology, 19: 67-80. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04485.x
Grace, T., Joern, A., Apple, J.L., Brown, S.J., and Wisely, S.M.** 2009. Highly polymorphic microsatellites in the North American Snakeweed Grasshopper, Hesperotettix viridis. Journal of Orthoptera Research 18(1):19-21. 2009 DOI:10.1665/034.018.0111
Aubry, K.B, Statham, M.J., Sacks, B., Perrine, J., Wisely, S.M.** 2009. Phylogeography of the North American red fox: vicariance in Pleistocene forest refugia. Molecular Ecology, 18: 2668-2686. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04222.x
Dragoo, J., Coan, K., Moore, K., Henke, S., Fleischer, R., Wisely, S.M.** 2009. Polymorphic microsatellite markers for the striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis, and other mephitids. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9: 383-385. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-0998.2008.02463.x
Casey, A.*, Sandercock, B., Jones, K., Wisely, S.M.** 2009. Heteroduplex molecules cause sexing errors in a standard molecular protocol for avian sexing. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9: 61-65. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-0998.2008.02307.x
Wisely, S.M.**, Santymire, R.M., Livieri, T.M., Mueting, S.A.*, Howard, J.G. 2008. Genotypic and phenotypic consequences of reintroduction history: case study of the black-footed ferret. Conserv Genet (2008) 9: 389. DOI:10.1007/s10592-007-9351-x
Wisely, S.M.**, Howard, J.G., Williams, S.A., Bain, O., Santymire, R.M., Bardsley, K.D., Williams, E.S. 2008. An unidentified filarial species and its impact on fitness in wild populations of the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 44(1):53-64. 2008 DOI:10.7589/0090-3558-44.1.53
Wisely, S.M.**, Statham, M.J., Fleischer, R.C. 2008. Pleistocene refugium and Holocene expansion of a grassland dependent species, the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). Journal of Mammalogy 89:87-96. DOI:10.1644/07-MAMM-A-077.1
Schwartz, M.K.**, Aubry, K.B, McKelvey, K.S., Pilgrim, K.L., Copeland, J.P., Squires, J.R., Inman, R.M., Wisely, S.M. 2007. Inferring Geographic Isolation of Wolverines in California Using Historical DNA. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 71: 2170-2179. DOI:10.2193/2007-026
Parker, M.W.**, Kress, S.W., Golightly, R.T., Carter, H.R., Parsons, E.B., Schubel, S.E., Boyce, J.A., McChesney, G.J., and Wisely, S.M. 2007. Assessment of social attraction techniques used to restore a Common Murre colony in central California. Waterbirds 30(1):17-28. 2007 DOI:10.1675/1524-4695
Bronson E.**, Bush M., Viner T., Murray S., Wisely S.M., Deem S.L. 2007. Mortality of captive black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes) at Smithsonian's National Zoological Park: 1989-2004. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 38(2):169-176. 2007 DOI:10.1638/1042-7260
Li, Z., Sun, X., Chen, J., Liu, X., Wisely, S.M., Zhou, Q., Renard, J.P., Leno, G.H., Engelhardt, J.F.** 2006. Full-term development of ferret embryos cloned by cell nuclear transfer. Developmental Biology 293 (2006) 439-448 DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.02.016
Wisely, S.M.** 2005. The genetic legacy of the black-footed ferret: past, present, and future. Pages 37-43 in Recovery of the Black-Footed Ferret: Progress and Continuing Challenges. U.S.G.S. Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5293
Wisely, S.M.**, Santymire, R.M., Marinari, P., Kreeger, J. Livieri, T., Wildt, D.E., Howard, J.G. 2005. Environment influences morphology and development of in situ and ex situ populations of the black-footed ferret. Animal Conservation, 8: 321-328. DOI:10.1017/S1367943005002283
Buskirk, S.W. and Wisely, S.M. 2005. Appraising the conservation value of private lands. Pages 174-190 In: Species at risk: using economic incentives to shelter endangered species on private lands. J. Shogren, ed., Austin TX: University of Texas Press. ISBN:9780292705975
Aubry, K.**, Wisely, S., Raley, C. and Buskirk, S. 2004. Zoogeography, spacing patterns, and dispersal in fishers: insights gained from combining field and genetic data. Pages 201-220 in D.J. Harrison, A.K. Fuller, and G. Proulx, eds. Martens and fishers (Martes) in human-altered environments: an international perspective. Springer Science+Business Media, New York, NY. 279 pp.ISBN:9780387226910
Wisely, S.M.**, Buskirk, S.W., Russell, G., Aubry, K. and Zielinski, W. 2004. Phylogeography and genetic diversity of the fisher (Martes pennanti) in a peninsular and peripheral metapopulation. J Mammal (2004) 85 (4): 640-648 DOI:10.1644/BEL-011
Wisely, S.M.**, Maldonado, J.E., and Fleischer, R.C. 2004. Turbinal bones as a source of ancient DNA. Conservation Genetics 5:105-107 DOI:10.1023/B:COGE.0000014061.04963.da
Wisely, S.M.** and Golightly, R.T. 2003. Behavioral and ecological adaptations to water economy in two species of plethodontid salamander, Ensatina eschscholtzii and Batrachoseps attenuatus. Journal of Herpetology 37(4):659-665. 2003 DOI:10.1670/5-03A
Wisely, S.M.**, McDonald, D.B., and Buskirk, S.W. 2003. Evaluation of the species survival plan and captive breeding program for the black-footed ferret. Zoo Biology 22:287-298 DOI:10.1002/zoo.10089
Wisely, S.M.**, Fleming, M.A., McDonald, D.B., Buskirk, S.W., and Ostrander, E.A. 2002. Genetic diversity and fitness in black-footed ferrets before and during a bottleneck. J Hered (2002) 93 (4): 231-237 DOI:10.1093/jhered/93.4.231
Wisely, S.M.**, Ososky, J.J., and Buskirk, S.W. 2002. Morphological changes to black-footed ferrets resulting from captivity. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 2002, 80(9): 1562-1568, DOI:10.1139/z02-160